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By Stephen P. Schwartz

A short heritage of Analytic Philosophy: From Russell to Rawls offers a accomplished assessment of the ancient improvement of all significant elements of analytic philosophy, the dominant Anglo-American philosophical culture within the 20th century. 

  • Features insurance of the entire significant topic parts and figures in analytic philosophy - together with Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moore, Gottlob Frege, Carnap, Quine, Davidson, Kripke, Putnam, and plenty of others
  • Contains explanatory heritage fabric to aid clarify technical philosophical concepts
  • Includes listings of urged extra readings
  • Written in a transparent, direct variety that presupposes little prior wisdom of philosophy

 

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Moore never seemed to use symbolic logic or very much technical vocabulary at all, nor was he interested in science, mathematics, or anything but pure philosophical reasoning. He has a unique style that is at once daunting in its detail and disarming in its simplicity. Russell in his autobiography writes of Moore: In my third year [as a student at Cambridge], however, I met G. E. Moore, who was then a freshman, and for some years he fulfiled my ideal of genius. He was in those days beautiful and slim, with a look almost of inspiration, and with an intellect as deeply passionate as Spinoza's.

At the tirne of the key essays "On Denoting" and "A Refutation of Idealism," England was in a period of high tension with Germany and especially Prussia. Both Kant and Hegel were north Germans - Kant spent his life in the Prussian capital Konigsberg, and Hegel was at Jena and then Berlin. When the lines in the above anti-Hegelian quotes frorn Moore and Russell were being written, Germany was a chief rival and threat the two nations would be engulfed as to Britain; and in ten opponents in the catastrophe of World War I.

Unlike numbers and sets, there are no clear criteria of identity or individuation for unreal entities. Is the president of Canada the same or different from the present king of Canada? Is the nonexistent president of Canada a woman? Can a nonexistent woman be a king? Why not? Do these questions even make sense? None of these problems is insurmountable. There are Meinongians today in philosophy, fortunately only a very few, and they are by no means considered to be kooks. Nevertheless, the problems with Meinongianism were severe enough in Russell's view to demand an alternative.

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