Download A Companion to W. V. O. Quine by Gilbert Harman, Ernest Lepore PDF

By Gilbert Harman, Ernest Lepore

This spouse brings jointly a staff of best figures in modern philosophy to supply an in-depth exposition and research of Quine’s wide effect throughout philosophy’s many subfields, highlighting the breadth of his paintings, and revealing his endured value today.

  • Provides an in-depth account and research of W.V.O. Quine’s contribution to American Philosophy, and his place as one of many past due twentieth-century’s so much influential analytic philosophers
  • Brings jointly newly-commissioned essays by way of best figures inside modern philosophy
  • Covers Quine’s paintings throughout philosophy of good judgment, philosophy of language, ontology and metaphysics, epistemology, and more
  • Explores his paintings relating to the origins of analytic philosophy in the US, and to the background of philosophy extra broadly
  • Highlights the breadth of Quine’s paintings around the self-discipline, and demonstrates the continued impact of his paintings in the philosophical community

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5â•… Kuhn (1960, 1963) emphasizes that the most fundamental assumptions of scientific research programs will in practice be regarded as not subject to empirical disconfirmation or falsification in the context of “normal science” (even when no one would think that the claims in question are a priori truths in the philosopher’s sense). ╇ 6â•… Cf. ” In a retrospective comment on his early work, Quine wrote that “I now perceive that the philosophically important question about analyticity and the linguistic doctrine of logical truth is not how to explicate them; it is the question of their relevance to epistemology” (1986a, 207, emphasis his).

In his critique of psychologism in mathematics, Frege (1884) had urged the importance of distinguishing sharply between what passes through the mind of the mathematician when he thinks about mathematics, and what, if anything, justifies or grounds the mathematical claims that he makes. As Frege emphasized, any number of idiosyncratic psychological associations might pass through the mind of a mathematician as he constructs a proof, but these are irrelevant to the justification of what is proved; rather, the justification consists in the proof itself.

For example, Hume, generally regarded as the greatest of the classical empiricists, drew a sharp distinction between mathematical knowledge (or more generally, our knowledge of “relations of ideas”) and empirical knowledge. O. Quine, First Edition. Edited by Gilbert Harman and Ernie Lepore. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. thomas kelly mathematical and empirical knowledge. Of course, mathematics is hardly a trivial exception: from the time of the ancient Greeks to at least the time of Newton, it stood as the paradigm of a successful science, and when its status as such was challenged by the spectacular rise of mathematical physics in the early modern period, its centrality to the latter discipline only increased its perceived importance in the overall scheme of human knowledge.

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