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By Bengt Sundkler

В книге об африканских христианских церквях рассматривается полная история развития христианства во всех регионах континента. В отличие от обычного для таких исследований интереса, в основном, к миссионерской деятельности, авторы ставят в центре своего исследования местные африканские особенности христианства. Африканские христиане, обычно занимавшие лучшее положение в обществе, давали иное толкование христианским текстам, прозелитизму, управлению местными конгрегациями и организации независимых церквей. Подчеркивая инициативы африканцев в процессе христианизации, авторы доказывают, что развитие церкви было сформировано африканскими королями и их придворными, историей трудовой миграции и колонизации.Бенгт Сандклер был ведущим специалистом по африканской христианской
Церкви, он также задавал тон в изучении независимых Церквей в Африке. У него была долгая карьера миссионера в Южной Африке и в Танзании, где он стал лютеранским епископом Букобы в Танзании, перед возвращением в
Швецию в качестве профессора истории церкви в Университете Упсалы.
Кристофер Стид был помощником Бенгта Сандклера в данном исследовании, и в настоящее время он преподает африканскую историю в Университете Упсалы.Образцы сканов:

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15 At the time of St Pachomius' death in 346, there were nine monasteries for men and two convents for women, one of these under the leadership of Pachomius' sister, Mary. The rapid growth of the movement is seen in the fact that at Easter 390, no less than 50,000 monks congregated for the feast. This also explains the rural masses' transition to Christianity in Upper Egypt. The monks were the missionaries of the Church. They were at the same time enthusiastic local leaders of a Coptic national movement about to emerge in the ®fth century.

From the middle of the second century, Rome could also impose imperial power over North Africa. Sailing ships could cover the distance Carthage±Rome in three to four days. The coastal cities had small Jewish communities with their synagogues and international cultural contacts. The large estates inland, under Roman landowners, had to supply corn by way of tribute to the metropolis. North Africa succeeded Egypt as the granary of Rome and was forced to keep the city inhabitants with the daily ration of wheat.

Yathrib (Medina) had three Jewish `tribes', all concerned with trade and with their religion. Jewish colonies established themselves in various parts of the country and one of the Arab kings egypt 19 accepted Judaism as his religion. Here also the Jewish Diaspora served as a bridge for transition to the Christian faith, in a Nestorian or Monophysite form, together with various Gnostic sects. It is realized of course that prior to Muhammad millions of Arabs had been catechized in the name of Allah the true God, and had learned the prayers, the fasts and the feasts in the schools of the missionaries and monks.

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