By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics let for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion shipping. fabrics learn and improvement keeps to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe parts in either sustainable power and fresh functions. Membrane utilisation deals technique simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discount rates and effort protection. complicated membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable power and environmental purposes provides a complete overview of membrane utilisation and integration inside power and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane procedures and separation to membrane characterization and fiscal research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) seize in coal and gasoline energy crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen shipping applied sciences. half 3 studies membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gas, average gasoline and synthesis fuel processing, in addition to complex biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for substitute power functions and effort garage, comparable to membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen construction. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in commercial and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its exotic editors and workforce of specialist individuals, complicated membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes is a necessary reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and teachers drawn to this field.
- Presents a complete overview of membrane technological know-how and expertise, concentrating on advancements and functions in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane techniques and separation and membrane characterization and monetary analysis
- Addresses the most important problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel strength vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement strength functions and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Additional info for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
2013). The CNT-mixed membranes were fabricated using the phase inversion precipitation method. Although this treatment process caused a higher pure water ﬂux with unchanged protein retention by adding a constant amount of PAA and PAAm-modiﬁed MWCNT into the membrane matrix, the best antifouling performance was shown by the membrane containing PCA-modiﬁed MWCNT. The hyperbranched PCA caused an efﬁcient dispersion of MWCNTs because of good compatibility with PES. This membrane also showed acceptable reusability and durability during three cycles of foulingewashing steps.
2009). , 2009) composite membranes. Antibacterial experiments conﬁrmed that bacterial growth was effectively inhibited and anti-biofouling performance rose in these kind of nanocomposite membranes. , 2009). Silver nanoparticles can be used as a suitable candidate for the simultaneously improvement of membrane surface hydrophilicity and antifouling performance under proper conditions. , 2013). 4 Titanium dioxide nanoparticles Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a special semiconductor that has been the focus of numerous investigations because of its excellent photocatalytic and hydrophilicity Advances in polymeric membranes for water treatment 17 properties in absorbing UV rays and its stability, cheapness, and commercial availability.
2012). , 2011) or evaporation (Tang, Zhang, Wang, Fu, and Zhang, 2009). Blending has some advantages over other methods. The method is simple and has mild conditions, reproducibility, and capability for industrialization. , 2012). Previous studies by Choi et al. (2006) showed that MWCNT-blended PSf microﬁltration membranes had slightly higher ﬂux and rejection rates than nascent PSf membrane. Also, those authors found that MWCNT-blended membranes were more hydrophilic than PSf ones. In a related work, Qui et al.