Download Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products

After reviewing the capability merits of using biobased business items over on the whole used petroleum merits, this file examines the uncooked fabric source base for items and explains the variety of goods and processing applied sciences to be had. options are supplied as to tips on how to successfully make the transition to biobased items, with discussions of offering enough funding and supportive infrastructure. additionally integrated is a case research of lignocellulose-ethanol processing.

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Extra resources for Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization Priorities

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They may one day be grown and used on a large scale. ENHANCING THE SUPPLY OF BIOMASS The amount of cropland that will actually be used to supply biobased processors depends on a demand for the final product, and the inputs used to make that product must be competitively priced. Industrial processors bid for corn and forages based on processing costs and product prices in the petrochemical and specialty chemical industries. Some industries that produce specialty starches and lactic acid plastics can bid grain and productive croplands away from food processors now.

Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide have increased one-third over preindustrial levels. , 1994; USDOE, 1998). ” On December 10, 1997, international parties adopted the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations FCCC to reduce greenhouse gas emission. S. administration officials pledged to reduce key greenhouse gases 7 percent below 1990 levels by the period 2008 to 2012. S. de). Biobased fuels could have a significant role in meeting these commitments. Because biobased fuels, such as alcohol, are derived from renewable (plant) sources (see Box 1-1), they do not add to the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere, unlike fuels derived from fossil sources (oil, natural gas, coal).

The sequence diversity of proteins is responsible for the wide array of functions performed by proteins in living organisms (OTA, 1993) (see Box 2-1). A variety of plant proteins might one day be commercially exploited as materials, but current understanding of the structural properties of most plant proteins is limited. One of the few well-understood plant proteins is zein, an abundant protein in corn seeds. Zein makes up 39 percent of the kernel protein, or about 4 percent of the kernel weight.

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