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By Zhen Fang

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Extra info for Biodiesel: Feedstocks, Production and Applications

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A Look Back at the US Department of Energy’s Aquatic Species Pro‐ gram: biodiesel from algae. 1998. pdf (accessed 01 august 2012). [49] Soares, D. Assessmentof cell growthand lipids productivity ofmarine microalgaein differentcroppingsystems (In Portuguese: Avaliação do crescimentocelular e da pro‐ dutividade de lipideos de microalgasmarinhasemdiferentes regimes de cultivo. 2010). 107 f. Thesis. Graduate Program in Biochemical Sciences. (Curso de Pós-Grad‐ uação em Ciências: Bioquímica – Mestrado e Doutorado) – Federal University of Par‐ ana (Universidade Federal do Paraná), Curitiba, 2010.

There are im‐ portant differences between configurations of vertical and horizontal. Vertical designs pro‐ vide more mass transfer and reduce energy consumption; horizontal designs can be scaled but needs more space. There are more studies about tubular photobioreactors but usually flat type photobioreactors is preferred because it can offer high cell density [84]. In addi‐ tion, this type of reactors is advantageous due to low energy consumption and high mass transfer capacity, reduction of oxygen increases, high photosynthetic efficiency, no dark volumes when compared with the other photobioreactors.

Vertical designs pro‐ vide more mass transfer and reduce energy consumption; horizontal designs can be scaled but needs more space. There are more studies about tubular photobioreactors but usually flat type photobioreactors is preferred because it can offer high cell density [84]. In addi‐ tion, this type of reactors is advantageous due to low energy consumption and high mass transfer capacity, reduction of oxygen increases, high photosynthetic efficiency, no dark volumes when compared with the other photobioreactors.

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