By Anju Dahiya
Depleting fossil gas reserves and hostile results of fluctuating oil costs have renewed curiosity in substitute and sustainable resources of power. Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels takes in this subject and examines present and rising feedstocks and complex procedures and applied sciences allowing the improvement of all attainable replacement strength resources: stable (wood power, grass power, and different biomass), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, ethanol), and gaseous/electric (biogas, syngas, bioelectricity). Divided into seven components, Bioenergy gives thorough attention to issues resembling feedstocks, biomass construction and usage, lifestyles cycle research, power go back on Invested (EROI), built-in sustainability exams, conversions applied sciences, biofuels economics and coverage. additionally, contributions from major execs and teachers, augmented via similar service-learning case stories and quizzes, offer readers with a entire source that attach thought to real-world implementation.
- Provides a complete evaluate and in-depth technical details of all attainable bioenergy assets (solid, liquid, and gaseous), together with state-of-the-art subject matters corresponding to complex fuels and biogas
- Integrates present country of paintings assurance from feedstocks to within your budget conversion tactics to biofuels fiscal research and environmental coverage
- Features case reviews and quizzes for every part derived from the implementation of tangible hands-on biofuel tasks as a part of carrier studying.
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Extra resources for Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels
The neutrality of bioenergy with regard to other GHGs such as methane and nitrous oxide is also questionable. Of importance in evaluating the carbon-neutrality of a bioenergy crop are land use change and feedstock production systems. WILDLIFE AND BIODIVERSITY Bioenergy and biomass crops are often promoted by environmentalists and government leaders as having the potential to provide wildlife habitat and to support biodiversity. , 2008). However, policies to outline environmental standards for bioenergy production are lacking, and financial programs for compensating land owners and farmers for habitat- and biodiversity-protecting land practices are also lacking.
Some annual crops, such as corn, can be dedicated bioenergy crops for both their grain and their cellulosic residues. Most of the world’s first-generation bioethanol is made from feedstocks derived from annual food crops. Annual row crops are grown and harvested in a single year and must be planted every year. Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) and corn are the primary feedstock sources for first-generation bioethanol. However, bioethanol is also produced from cereal crops, sugar beets (Beta vulgaris), potatoes (Solanum tuberosum), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), and cassava (Manihot esculenta) as well.
Interannual variation in yield), and rapidly fluctuating prices. 28 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO BIOENERGY Farm profitability is directly related to how well these risks can be minimized or absorbed. The USDA’s Risk Management Agency has identified five primary sources of risks in agriculture: production, marketing, financial, legal, and human resources (ERS, 2013). Agricultural production of biomass crops presents acute challenges in each of these categories. Traditional strategies for managing risks include crop insurance, revenue insurance, production contracting, and investments in technology.