By Victor Fet (auth.), Victor Fet, Khabibulla I. Atamuradov (eds.)
remnants of gene swimming pools of those species. Badghyz usual Reserve, validated in 1941, grew to become a safe haven for the final current inhabitants of the Turkmen onager (Equus hemionus onager) and a different pistachio forest. a brand new iteration oflocal Turkmen scientists, lots of whom have been informed by way of the Russian researchers within the graduate faculties of Moscow and Leningrad arose from the Nineteen Thirties during the Nineteen Fifties. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences and its magazine, court cases (including the per 30 days organic series), served to list the result of various organic reviews within the republic. whereas simple technology within the center Asian republics really received from the Russian "colonial" impact, average assets, against this, have been significantly broken through the Soviet method of dealing with the financial system and social concerns. serious environmental difficulties were inherited through the now self sufficient Turkmenistan, together with overgrazed wasteland pastures, deforested mountains, depleted water assets, amassed insecticides in cotton fields, declining populations of endangered species of animals and crops, and - worst of al- progressing, human-caused desertification (Kharin this volume). so that it will procedure an answer to those difficulties, scientists and officers within the republic will desire the shut cognizance and aid of the overseas clinical community.
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Additional resources for Biogeography and Ecology of Turkmenistan
Therefore, for the entire republic the transition from winter to spring extends between 50 to 60 days. Duration of the spring increases from north to south from 48 to 80 days. The southwest has the longest spring (from 90 to 105 days); the Caspian Sea shore, from 80 to 87 days. During the spring, temperature rises and precipitation increases. Already in March, maximal daytime temperature can reach 30 to 39°C. However, the weather is still unstable due to the intensification of cyclonic activity.
This type of vegetation dries up in the hot and dry summer period. Growth of agricultural crops in Turkmenistan is possible only under artificial irrigation. Introduction Climate is one of the most significant factors influencing human activity and environmental conditions. It determines development of vegetation and soils, defines the image of landscapes, and creates a background for agriculture. Climate of a territory depends on its geographic location and underlying surface. Turkmenistan is located in the center of the Asian continent and is neighbored by the Mediterranean Region, Indostan, Central Asia, and Siberia.
Accompanying high temperatures is low humidity. Relative humidity in desert areas in summer falls to 22 to 25%, with a minimum of 2 to 5%. It is higher in the coastal areas due to the influence of the Caspian Sea (60% in Gasan-Kuli) and in the mountains (47% in Kheirabad). In the Amudarya Valley, humidity is 37 to 41%, which is higher than in adjacent non-irrigated areas. Probability of drought is from 50 to 75% during summers with extremely high temperatures and low humidity (Table 6). Yield of non-irrigated crops (bogara) in drought years decreases from 40 to 60%; even in irrigated areas, dry winds cause a 30%-decrease of yield.