Download Biogeography of Microscopic Organisms: Is Everything Small by Diego Fontaneto PDF

By Diego Fontaneto

Bringing jointly the viewpoints of prime specialists in taxonomy, ecology and biogeography of alternative taxa, this publication synthesises dialogue surrounding the so-called 'everything is far and wide' speculation. It addresses the techniques that generate spatial styles of range and biogeography in organisms that could almost certainly be cosmopolitan. The participants speak about questions reminiscent of: are microorganisms (e.g. prokaryotes, protists, algae, yeast and microscopic fungi, vegetation and animals) rather cosmopolitan of their distribution? What are the organic houses that permit such power distribution? Are there techniques that might restrict their distribution? Are microorganisms intrinsically assorted from macroscopic ones? What can microorganisms let us know concerning the generalities of biogeography? Can they be used for experimental biogeography? Written for graduate scholars and educational researchers, the booklet promotes a extra entire realizing of the spatial styles and the final approaches in biogeography.

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Extra resources for Biogeography of Microscopic Organisms: Is Everything Small Everywhere? (Systematics Association Special Volume Series)

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Global dispersal of freeliving microbial eukaryote species. Science 296, 1061–1063. F. (2007). Body size and biogeography. , Edmonds-Brown, R. ), Body Size:€The Structure and Function of Aquatic Ecosystems, pp. 167–185. Cambridge:€Cambridge University Press. Fitter, A. (2005). Common ground. Current Biology 15, R185–R187. J. (2003). Is microbial diversity fundamentally different from biodiversity of larger animals and plants? European Journal of Protistology 39, 486–490. J. (2004a). The ubiquity of small species:€patterns of local and global diversity.

Et al. (2009). Highly specialized microbial diversity in hyper-arid polar desert. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106, 19964–19969. P. et al. (2007). The role of ecological theory in microbial ecology. Nature Reviews Microbiology 5, 384–392. O. (2005). Does ecosystem size determine aquatic bacterial richness? Ecology 86, 1715–1722. L. (1995). Species Diversity in Space and Time. Cambridge:€Cambridge University Press. G. (2008). Genome evolution in cyanobacteria:€The stable core and the variable shell.

These findings suggested that prokaryotic distribution might not be ubiquitous, since under such constraints diversity should display less variability with spatial scale. A major focus of recent research has been to identify whether spatial scaling of microorganisms is primarily determined by geographic distance in a distance–decay relationship (dispersal limitation > environmental selection) or by environmental heterogeneity (environmental selection > dispersal limitation). The existence of a distance–decay pattern for soil microbial assemblages has been demonstrated on small scales (metres) using DNA fingerprinting (Franklin and Mills, 2003).

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