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By P. Chartier, G. L. Ferrero, U. M. Henius, S. Hultberg, J. Sachau, M. Wiinblad

Biomass is decided to play an expanding position within the provide of power, either within the industrialized international and in constructing nations, as problem for the kingdom of the worldwide setting grows. the prospect for the acceleration of industrial creation has acquired aid from the expanding involvement of the massive strength manufacturers and the turning out to be political commitments of a number of eu nations. The ninth ecu Bioenergy convention used to be held in Copenhagen, 24-27 June 1996. not like prior occasions, extra emphasis used to be put on demonstrating bioenergy expertise on the market. Overviews on fresh achievements in advertisement or close to advertisement actions shaped the main target of the development, yet highlights of advances in technology and technological improvement have been additionally provided, as well as papers protecting environmental points of bioenergy. The lawsuits comprise 350 papers addressing the subsequent components: fundamental creation of biomass; provision and creation of reliable biomass fuels; tactics for giant energy vegetation; approaches for decentralized warmth and gear construction; procedures for construction of transportation fuels; marketplace, fiscal and environmental elements of bioenergy; and coverage measures to beat non-technical boundaries

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Biochem. , 45, 31-55. (1952). / . Biol. , 195, 19-23. Draganov a (1981). Biosynthesi s of enzyme s using xylose and xylan-containin g sources . In: Proc . 1st Internationa l conferenc e on chemistr y and biotechnolog y of biologicall y activ e natura l products , Vol. 3, pp. 454-464, Varna , Bulgaria . Tanaka,M. Tanaguchi , T. Matsun o and R. Kamikub l (1980). Cellulas e productivit y of Eupenicilliumjavanicum. J. TechnoL, 58, 149-154. Koullas , P. Macri s (1996). Cross-synergis m in enzymati c hydrolysi s of lignocellulosics : mathematica l correlation s accordin g to a hyperboli c model.

59 ┬▒ 0 . 09 - - 3 Calorifi c valu e (kcal/kg ) Tim e take n to ignit e (seconds ) Tim e take n for 1 gm to bur n to ashe s (seconds ) 6282 Tabl e 6. 16 *Indicate s charcoa l produce d at the respectiv e carbonisatio n temperature . Error s shown are standar d errors . Propertie s of the cocoa wood charcoa l such as apparen t density , friability , calorifi c value, ignitabilit y and time take n to bur n to ashes were also studie d and the result s are shown in Table s 5 and 6. These result s were then compare d to similar studie s done on some commerciall y availabl e charcoa l and barbecu e fuels.

Matsun o and R. Kamikub l (1980). Cellulas e productivit y of Eupenicilliumjavanicum. J. TechnoL, 58, 149-154. Koullas , P. Macri s (1996). Cross-synergis m in enzymati c hydrolysi s of lignocellulosics : mathematica l correlation s accordin g to a hyperboli c model. (accepted). Djejeva , V. Raykovsk a and K. Schuger l (1996) Cellulas e productio n by Trichoderma sp. grown on waste corn-see d pulp substrate , (to be published) . O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde , Denmar k Federa l Researc h Centr e of Forestr y an d Fores t Products , Institut e of Wood Chemistr y an d Chemica l Technolog y of Wood , Leuschnerstr .

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