By Darlene Clark Hine
In Black Victory, Darlene Clark Hine examines a pivotal step forward within the fight for black liberation during the vote casting approach. She info the stairs and gamers within the 1944 U.S. perfect court docket choice in Smith v. Allwright, a precursor to the 1965 balloting Rights Act. She discusses the function that NAACP legal professionals akin to Thurgood Marshall performed in supporting black Texans regain the precise denied them by means of white Texans within the Democratic social gathering: the proper to vote and to have that vote count number. Hine illuminates the mobilization of black Texans. She successfully demonstrates how each one a part of the African American community—from pros to laborers—was necessary to this fight and the victory opposed to disfranchisement.
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Additional info for Black Victory: The Rise and Fall of the White Primary in Texas
In Retrospect: Darlene Clark Hine’s Black Victory 39 a rally to discuss an issue, much of the work was already done. The ministers, union leaders, and fraternal and social organization presidents provided an audience, generated enthusiasm, and brought legitimacy to the movement that White so ably articulated. Lulu B. White was admired by a large number of blacks as she traveled throughout Texas organizing and reviving branches. Noted for her dynamic speaking and her capacity to impart courage and to chase timidity, White literally moved people to action.
At age seventy-three, she won a seat on the Dallas City Council and served for two consecutive terms, 1975 to 1979. She died in 1985 at age eighty-three, after receiving the Eleanor Roosevelt Pioneer Award from the University of Texas. See Juanita J. S. , and K. C. Saur Verlag); Thelma Bryant, interview by author, Houston, Texas, March 10, 1990; Lois Wood, interview by author, Houston, Texas, 1996, transcripts in author’s collection. 21. Pitre, In Struggle against Jim Crow, 44–45; Houston Informer, January 24, 1946.
20 Despite this dramatic progress, civil rights advocates discovered that whites entrenched in power did not intend to relinquish it easily. In fact, even after passage of the Voting Rights Act and its successive renewals in 1970, 1975, and 1982, the struggle over political participation continued in the South in a different form. Literacy tests and poll taxes became relics of the past, but efforts to thwart voter registration did not end. Those who attempted to retard black enrollment did so in ways that made the process less convenient.