Download British Empiricism and American Pragmatism: New Directions by Robert J. Roth PDF

By Robert J. Roth

This quantity contributes to the impressive resurgence in curiosity for American pragmatism and its proponents, William James, C. S. Peirce, and John Dewey, through targeting the effect of British empiricism, particularly the philosophies of Locke and Hume, and the pointy changes among the 2 traditions. it really is Roth's rivalry that American pragmatism, also known as America's first "indigenous" philosophy, has anything major to claim philosophically, not just for the United States, yet for the realm. Hereto, the strains of improvement and divergence among British empiricism and American pragmatism haven't been sufficiently constructed.

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Extra info for British Empiricism and American Pragmatism: New Directions and Neglected Arguments

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Sensations are a flux; "concrete pulses of experience" are not inwardly simple; they interpenetrate and are related so that the difference between the relation and what are related is difficult to detect. Even the smallest feeling is colored, as it were, by an earlier part, and there is already ''the rush of thought forward" into a continuous future. In every pulse of inner life immediately present to us, there is ''a little past, a little future" (PU 126-29). But it is important to note that James is not limiting discussion to connections within experience.

It would seem evident that there are two succeeding states of consciousness, one of silence and the other of shock. But James states that this description is due to a "superficial introspective view'' which overlooks the affinity existing between the silence and the shock. Even when the thunder breaks upon us, the awareness of silence continues; otherwise the thunder would not cause a state of shock. A more faithful rendition of the conscious state would be to call it "not thunder pure, but thunder-breaking-upon-silence-and-contrasting-with-it'' (PP 231-34).

Hume attributed continuity to the deception of the imagination and left the impressions and ideas as inherently discrete. James, however, claimed that experience is inherently continuous, as he clearly illustrated by his example of silence followed by a thunderclap. It remains to be seen whether James's account will stand up when applied to particular problems. This will be examined in the chapter on the self. " Its best-known formulation is contained in the Preface to The Meaning of Truth (1909), which was published in answer to difficulties raised by Pragmatism.

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