By Glenn H. Utter
In one quantity, crusade and Election Reform gathers a wealth of data approximately earlier and current makes an attempt to reform the electoral strategy. The authors talk about such political situations as social gathering corruption, which resulted in the increase of reform pursuits, and over the top crusade donations, which ended in crusade finance laws. Emphasis is put on some of the reasons for persisted low voter turnout charges and instructed adjustments within the electoral procedure which may raise citizen participation.Topics contain improvement of the key poll; the electoral university and the twelfth modification; innovative period reforms; discrimination; gerrymandering; time period limits; poll layout reform; and accidental results of reform. The booklet is filled with proof and information from vote casting reviews and comprises excerpts from laws and complaints, and the various critiques of political researchers and activists.
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Extra resources for Campaign and Election Reform: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
This action could lead to a constitutional crisis if only a handful of electoral votes separate the two major candidates. In order to win the presidency, a candidate must receive a majority of the electoral votes. Page 11 Should no candidate receive a majority (a situation that could occur if more than two candidates receive electoral votes), then the House of Representatives is to select the next president from among the top three electoral vote recipients. However, in the House, each state may cast just one vote.
17 The ECB focuses on prosecuting criminal violations of federal election law. Such criminal offenses include stuffing ballot boxes, intimidating voters, destroying ballots, falsifying voter registrations, impersonating voters, paying citizens to vote, and falsifying election returns. 18 Although some doubt the honesty of mechanical and electronic voting systems, the introduction of the voting machine represented a significant reform because the fraudulent practices associated with the printed ballot could be effectively controlled.
Remanding North Carolina's redistricting plan, which had created an oddly shaped congressional district, members of the Court in Shaw v. Reno expressed concern about the formation of districts that segregate, or "balkanize," citizens by race. In order to obviate the problem of districts that have met with judicial disapproval, advocates of greater minority representation have suggested alternatives to the single-member district system. Cumulative voting is one such plan. Instead of vot- Page 6 ing for one candidate to fill a single legislative seat, citizens are responsible for electing several representatives.