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By National Research Council (U. S.), Climate Review Panel

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Indeed, the sensitivity of the surface temperature in 1-D RC models to changes in CO 2 amount is in general agreement with the sensitivity of more realistic 3-D GCM'S, suggesting that 1-D RC models are able to simulate certain basic mechanisms and feedbacks in 3-D GCM'S. It is thus of to use a 1-D RC model to illustrate processes that influence climate- value model equilibrium sensitivity and also to compare the results of these models to observed climate variations. , climate-model sensitivity are 1981).

Revelle and Suess (1957) termed man-made injection of CO 2 a "large-scale geophysical experiment," and the President's Science Advisory Committee (1965) report, Restoring the Quality of Our Environment, highlighted the CO 2 problem and its potential consequences for the Antarctic Ice Cap. S. scientists at the Study of Critical Environmental Problems (SCEP, 1970), held in preparation for the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. This group strongly stated its concern over the potential effects CO 2 on climate and urged continuing study of the problem and monitoring of atmospheric SCEP prompted a more detailed review of the potential 2 for inadvertent climate modification resulting from a wide range of human of CO .

A estimates from the latitudinal gradient in annually and zonally averaged radiation budgets as obtained from satellite radiation measurements and obtains surface-temperature responses consistent with climate-model studies. To summarize, the sensitivity of climate to increased 2 obtained from CO most global climate model studies is entirely consistent with the inferences drawn from surface energy balance studies and empirical approaches, pro vided methods account fully for the globally connected energy budget and transport processes within the entire surface-atmosphere system on the appropriate time scales.

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