By C. Carr
This ebook presents an summary of the chemistry of the textiles with emphasis on functional features of the topic. The impression of fabric processing at the setting and the advance of environmentally pleasant processing is additionally mentioned
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Extra info for Chemistry of the textiles industry
S. H. , London, pp. 332-390. Kratky, O. and Mark, H. (1937) Individual cellulose micelles. Z. physik. , B36, 129-139. Lewin, M. and Preston, J. , New York. M. ) (1992) Wool Dyeing, The Society of Dyers and Colourists, Bradford. V. (1958) On the phase structure of cellulose. J. Polymer ScL, 30, 259-269. E. S. (1975) Physical Properties of Textile Fibres, 2nd edn, Textile Institute and William Heinemann, London, pp. 32-38. K. , Southampton. Nageli, C. (1928) Micellartheorie. Original papers reprinted as Ostwalds Klassiker, No.
Molecular extent. 17). The measurement scale for this parameter would range from near zero for a tightly coiled molecule, to unity for a fully-extended one. The distinction between extent and orientation must be preserved. 18 illustrates that it is possible to combine high orientation and low extent on the one hand, or low orientation and high extent on the other. 16 Representation of fibre structure parameters on a three-dimensional plot (after Morton and Hearle, 1975). Approximate location: 1, wool and hair; 2, silk; 3, cotton; 4, polyesters; 5, polyamides; 6, linear polyethylene; 7, acrylic; 8, viscose.
1 Cotton. A typical bleach for cotton has been sodium hypochlorite. It is inexpensive and can be processed at pH 9-11, where the bleach is stable and where there is minimumfiberdamage at 13-21°C (55-700F). 5% sulfuric acid. 0% sulfuric or hydrochloric acid at room temperature and then washed. 5 for 30 min at room temperature. 1 Cellulose. 2 Oxycelluloses. repeated as necessary. The material is then washed, antichlored with sulfur dioxide, and washed again at room temperature (Nettles, 1983). Hydrogen peroxide is the most prevalent bleach.