Download Climate Change Biology, Second Edition by Lee Hannah PDF

By Lee Hannah

Climate swap Biology, 2e examines the evolving self-discipline of human-induced weather switch and the ensuing shifts within the distributions of species and the timing of organic occasions. The textual content makes a speciality of knowing the affects of human-induced weather swap via drawing on a number of traces of proof, together with paleoecology, modeling, and present statement. This revised and up-to-date moment variation emphasizes affects of human edition to weather swap on nature and bigger emphasis on normal procedures and cycles and particular components. With 4 new chapters, an elevated emphasis on instruments for severe considering, and a brand new thesaurus and acronym appendix, Climate switch Biology, 2e is the appropriate assessment of this field.

  • Expanded therapy of approaches and cycles
  • Additional workouts and parts to motivate autonomous and important considering
  • Increased online supplementations together with mapping actions and recommended labs and lecture room activities.

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Additional resources for Climate Change Biology, Second Edition

Example text

No one knows with certainty how future energy use 49 50 CHAPTER 2: The Climate System and Climate Change will unfold, so assumptions must be made in every GCM about how much CO2 is released into the atmosphere over the time period being modeled. EMISSIONS PATHWAYS The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has prepared a series of standard greenhouse gas concentrations for use in GCM simulations. These are known as Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP). Each RCP represents one possible trajectory for future greenhouse gas concentrations.

The niche space in which species can survive is determined in large part by suitable climatic conditions. Species’ ranges shift over time to track suitable climate. When climate changes in a location, some species may find themselves in suddenly hostile conditions. Others will find that previously unsuitable climates have changed in their favor. Individuals in unsuitable conditions will die or fail to reproduce, gradually disappearing from the location, whereas individuals near newly suitable habitat will gradually occupy areas in which they have not occurred previously.

Previous IPCC assessments have used emissions scenarios, with identifying codes such as A1 and B2. These are now outdated, though sometimes still an important source of information. The RCP series was constructed from a range of possible emissions curves, rather than from global storylines. , 2° C global mean temperature change) and then return to the target level. IPCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was formed in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization to help promote a scientific and political consensus about the occurrence and impact of climate change.

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