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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal procedure (JACADS), the 1st totally built-in chemical agent disposal facility, is found on Johnston Island a few 800 miles southwest of Hawaii. JACADS accomplished ten years of operations in November 2000, which led to the disposal of greater than 2000 a whole bunch nerve and mustard brokers. In 1998, the military all started making plans for closure and dismantling of the ability. In 1999, the NRC was once requested to study the Army's making plans. This ebook offers an evaluate of deliberate and ongoing closure actions on Johnston Island in a few element. It additionally offers an research of the most likely implications for closure of disposal amenities at 8 continental U.S. garage sites.

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If it is designated surplus property, the General Services Administration (GSA) may become involved. The Federal Aviation Administration (Department of Transportation) operates the runway on Johnston Island. The FWS (Department of the Interior) operates the wildlife refuge and may be the final steward of the atoll. Pending a resolution of the ownership issue, a number of scenarios can be envisioned. For example, if the Air Force is the owner, the island might be turned over to GSA to sell to the highest bidder for industrial, residential, or recreational use.

As part of its risk management program (RMP), PMCD has issued requirements that apply to both the operation and the closure of the disposal facilities. S. Army, 1996) include a safety program (PMCD R 385-1), which specifies policies, responsibilities, and procedures to protect workers, the public, and the environment and to avoid the accidental loss of property; a system safety management plan (PMCD R 385-2), which describes a framework for the implementation of a formal safety program; and an incident and accident reporting, investigating, and records component (PMCD-385-3), which provides mechanisms for reporting and analyzing incidents and accidents.

The characterizations will be based in part on analysis of concrete core borings taken from selected locations. Adjacent Sources of Contamination Although the Army is responsible for closure of only the JACADS area of Johnston Island, a closure plan that integrates Air Force and Army closure activities would provide opportunities for cost savings. It might, for example, allow eliminating cross-contamination and reducing disposal costs. Concrete The MDB is a two-story, steel-framed building with thick, reinforced-concrete floors and most interior walls made of concrete and foam-core sandwich panels.

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