Download Cognitive Engineering [Machine Intelligence] by A. Konar, L. Jain PDF

By A. Konar, L. Jain

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10). Recently, Moar and Bower [23] studied the encoding of angle formation by two noncollinear road trajectories. They observed experimentally that people have a general tendency to approximate near right angles as right angles in their cognitive map. For example, three streets that form a triangle in reality may not appear so in the cognitive map. This is due to the fact that the sum of the internal angles of a triangle in any physical system is 180 degrees; however, with the angles close to 90 degrees being set exactly to 90 degrees in the cognitive map, the sum need not be 180 degrees.

Dynamic behavior of many systems can be described as transition of system states. In order to simulate the dynamic behavior of a system, a state or marking in a Petri net is changed according to the following transition firing rules: 1) A transition trj is enabled if each input place pk of the transition is marked with at least w(pk, trj) tokens, where w(pk, trj) denotes the weight of the arc from pk to trj. 2) An enabled transition fires if the event described by the transition and its input/ output places actually takes place.

Formally, coherence calls for a mental representation of the sentence with equal emphasis on each word/ fact/ concept. Correspondence: Correspondence refers to one-to-one mapping from the problem statement to the mental representation. If the mapping is incorrect or incomplete, then a proper understanding is not feasible. Correspondence, in most cases, however, is determined by the third issue, presented below. Relationship to background knowledge: Background knowledge is essential to map components of the problem statement to mental representation.

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