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By Opolot Okia (auth.)

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Extra resources for Communal Labor in Colonial Kenya: The Legitimization of Coercion, 1912–1930

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C. 57 As we will discuss in Chapter 4, John Oldham, under the umbrella of the Conference of Missionary Societies, sent numerous petitions to the Colonial Office over forced labor issues, African education, and trusteeship in general. 58 Although critical of forced labor for private purposes, he tolerated communal labor as a reaffirmation of tradition. , purposes of recognized public utility, such as work on roads, bridges and irrigation in the immediate neighborhood of those who are required to perform the labour so that it does not involve absence from home.

Is fundamentally inferior in mental development and ethical possibility . . ”21 Grogan proposed compulsory “Making the Lazy Nigger Work” 41 labor as the only effective system for regulating African labor. ”22 In contrast, however, some settlers were more forgiving of African inferiority. Another settler, Seymour Hawtrey of Thika, graciously conceded that he liked “working with the native . . ”23 Af r ic an Labo r Paralleling the development of European settlement, three labor zones developed around the Uasin Gishu plateau of the Western Highlands and the south Rift Valley town of Nakuru and the capital Nairobi.

The deputation felt that the government needed to systematize labor recruitment by establishing a recruiting agency for African labor and an employers’ labor federation that would administer the labor when recruited. In terms of taxation, the deputation called for an additional collective tax on African tribes according to the economic prosperity of the collective.

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