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By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Jr. Elbert W. Friday

The document explores how top to speak climate and weather info by means of offering 5 case reviews, chosen to demonstrate a number time scales and concerns, from the forecasting of climate occasions, to supplying seasonal outlooks, to projecting weather change.

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Extra resources for Communicating Uncertainties in Weather and Climate Information: A Workshop Summary

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Communication Summary Because the nature of the activities changed as the tornado outbreak unfolded, the discussion of communication issues is divided into three parts: the preparation phase, the event, and the aftermath. 5The AMS established the Seal program in 1960 to upgrade radio and television weather programs. The growth of television and radio was accompanied by an increasing impact on the public; therefore, the need for professional weathercasting was recognized by the AMS. To date, over 1,000 Television and 150 Radio Seals of Approval have been awarded.

S. Geological Survey (USGS) and by numerous private sector organizations during the fall and winter of 1997-1998. To whom? The forecasts were issued to the ocean/atmosphere community, the prediction centers, relevant federal and state government agencies, the media, the public, and managers of, for example, agriculture, water, power, emergency preparedness, transportation, and insurance. How? Official NOAA predictions were disseminated through press conferences, news releases, Internet releases, and interagency memorandums.

In turn, this information was interpreted by numerous government agencies, individual scientists, and the media and distributed to the public. 30 COMMUNICATING UNCERTAINTIES IN WEATHER AND CLIMATE INFORMATION With what effect? Many decisions makers took steps toward mitigating the potential impacts of the El Niño in such areas as utility operations and power purchases, agricultural planning, and water management. The media coverage created high penetration into the public consciousness of climate variability and of potential for greater skill in seasonal to interannual forecasting.

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