By Ruediger Kuehr, German T. Velasquez (auth.), Ruediger Kuehr, Eric Williams (eds.)
Personal desktops have made existence handy in lots of methods, yet what approximately their affects at the atmosphere as a result of creation, use and disposal? production pcs calls for prodigious amounts of fossil fuels, poisonous chemical compounds and water. quick advancements in functionality suggest we regularly purchase a brand new laptop each 1-3 years, which provides as much as mountains of waste desktops. How may still societies reply to deal with those environmental affects?
This quantity addresses the environmental affects and administration of pcs via a suite of analyses on concerns starting from environmental evaluate, applied sciences for recycling, client behaviour, suggestions of laptop production businesses, and executive rules. One end is that extending the lifespan of pcs (e.g. via reselling) is an environmentally and economically powerful procedure that merits extra recognition from governments, businesses and the overall public.
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Additional resources for Computers and the Environment: Understanding and Managing their Impacts
32 2. IT Products and the Environment 5. 1 Product Take-Back A more interesting statistic than either the number of computers recycled or landfIlled is the number available for product take-back or return. Product take-back is an emerging international paradigm which requires that firms organize methods to reclaim their products at the end of their useful life. Seven European countries have some form of take-back legislation enacted already, and firms are becoming increasingly aware of the possibility that they will be required to comply.
In our model, the re-use and storage options are only intermediate stages in the life cycle of a computer (although anecdotal evidence suggests storage might be Matthews and Matthews 29 indefinite in some cases). Only recycling and landfilling are terminal points. Notice that our model allows a computer to be purchased, re-used, stored, and finally, recycled or landfilled. Figure 3: Flow diagram of computers in updated study. Since the initial estimates were derived several important changes have occurred.
W. Cornaby, H. C. Latham, C. L. Harrison, T. L. Boguski, R. G. Hunt and J. D. Sellers. 1993. 245). S. Environmental Protection Agency. © Kluwer Academic Publishers and United Nations University 2003 . 42 3. Environmental Impacts in the Production of pes problems. In addition, there may be environmental benefits associated with the use of a product. For instance, if communicating via the Internet replaces a degree of automobile use (by telecommuting to work, for instance), this could reduce energy consumption and transport;elated emissions.