By Patricia Palenzuela, Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla, Guillermo Zaragoza
This publication presents an in depth exam of the way key matters in lots of groups around the globe- energy and water- may be concurrently addressed in the course of the coupling of Concentrating solar energy and Desalination (CSP+D) crops. It undertakes a technological and monetary assessment of the mixing of Multi-effect Distillation vegetation into CSP crops in accordance with Parabolic Trough sun creditors (PT-CSP+MED), compared to self reliant water and gear creation via opposite Osmosis unit connection to a CSP plant (CSP+RO). via this examine and distinction approach to research, the writer establishes guidance to help readers in deciding on situations in which PT-CSP+MED platforms supply better merits from a thermodynamic and monetary standpoint. The textual content outlines efficiencies and demanding situations derived from the combo of PT-CSP energy new release with 4 diversified desalination plant eventualities, starting with an outline of the equations utilized in the modeling and validation of a pilot MED plant and by means of designated thermodynamic research of numerous presently working CSP+D structures. Comparative thermodynamic tests are in response to a sensitivity research from which the final potency of the cogeneration approach is decided. the writer outlines the entire equations used for the modeling of every part and comprises ninety seven comparative tables received from the sensitivity research, displaying the adaptation of the final thermal potency of the CSP+D as a functionality of primary parameters of the cogeneration cycle, reminiscent of the categorical electrical intake of the desalination crops, and the turbine outlet temperature of the ability cycle. those findings are then put in useful context via an entire thermo-economic research, that is conducted for 2 particular destinations within the center East and Europe to be able to establish the main virtually and economically practicable CSP+D approach in every one sector as knowledgeable through genuine working stipulations, meteorological info and actual rate figures for every situation.
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Extra info for Concentrating Solar Power and Desalination Plants: Engineering and Economics of Coupling Multi-Effect Distillation and Solar Plants
2004). Permeability and separation characteristics of polypeptide-functionalized polycarbonate track-etched membranes. Chemistry of Materials, 16, 2762–2771. Soteris, K. (1997). Survey of solar desalination systems and system selection. Energy, 22, 69–81. Soteris, K. (2005). Seawater desalination using renewable energy sources. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 31, 242–281. , & Mu¨ller, J. (2009). Should we build any more MSF plants? Desalination & Water Reuse, 19(4), 16–21. Trieb, F.
The reflective surface (the mirror) reflects the incident solar radiation and concentrates it at the parabolic focal point, close to which the Stirling motor is situated to directly produce electricity using a generator. A Stirling motor is a thermal motor (with a cycle of the same name) that uses gas as the working fluid. The advantage of these systems is the high concentration factors that can be reached, between 1500 and 4000 (Kaltschmitt et al. 2007). In contrast to the systems mentioned previously, parabolic dishes do not require steam generation because the motor works with helium (it has also been tested with hydrogen).
2011, 2012) presented works based on the thermo-economic analysis of a gas-turbine plant combined with an MSF plant. Other authors have focused their research on the thermodynamic analysis of cogeneration plants. Madani (1996) presented an analysis of a cogeneration plant consisting of a desalination plant comprising direct contact multi-stage evaporators integrated into a regenerative-cycle power plant with reheating, using seawater as the working fluid and superheated steam as the heat transfer media.