By André Michard, Omar Saddiqi, Ahmed Chalouan, Dominique Frizon de Lamotte
Morocco is likely one of the so much interesting lands on the earth from the viewpoint of its geological constitution and evolution. Our wisdom at the geology of the rustic has been tremendously enhanced over the past many years, in accordance with various seismic profiles and boreholes, seismological research of focal mechanisms, seismic tomography, gravimetric/geodetic modelling and, nonetheless, in keeping with a massive nationwide software of Geological Mapping together with smooth geochemical analyses (trace parts) and trustworthy isotopic datings (39Ar-40Ar, U-Pb zircon, Sm-Nd, etc). additionally, a few educational reviews were played in relation with the expanding variety of Moroccan universities. hence, there has been an utmost urgency to adopt a brand new treatise of Moroccan geology that could alternative for the classical El?ments de g?ologie marocaine, released in 1976 via A. Michard within the Notes et M?moires du provider g?ologique du Maroc (re-edited two times due to the fact that 1976, with greater than 6000 copies offered, and… translated in jap for engineers!). a brand new treatise has been ready among April 2006 and July 2007 lower than the coordination of A. Michard, assisted through O. Saddiqi, and A. Chalouan, through a large panel of authors from Morocco, France or Belgium top-of-the-line connoisseurs of the rustic. so as to emphasize the final curiosity of the booklet, we ultimately keep the next name: Continental Evolution: The Geology of Morocco. constitution, Stratigraphy, and Tectonics of the Africa-Atlantic-Mediterranean Triple junction. The enhancing and creation of this ebook used to be supported by means of the next enterprises: The Geological Society of France (SGF) The nationwide workplace of Hydrocarbons and Mines of Morocco (ONHYM) The overseas Lithosphere application (ILP)
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Additional resources for Continental Evolution: The Geology of Morocco: Structure, Stratigraphy, and Tectonics of the Africa-Atlantic-Mediterranean Triple Junction (Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences)
Other maps: see Catalogue 2004, Minist`ere de l’Energie et des Mines, Direction de la G´eologie, Service Documentation et Publications. Books and special issues Note: The ancient books or special issues available in digitized versions are referenced in Chap. 9. Anonymous, Maroc, m´emoire de la Terre. Ed. Mus´eum nat. Hist. Nat. , nombreuses illustrations. Anonymous, Min´eraux du Maroc. Minist`ere Energie et Mines, Rabat, 1992, 182 p. Anonymous, G´eologie des gˆıtes min´eraux du Maroc. – Tome I, Substances m´etalliques et non m´etalliques associ´ees.
Similarly, the Pan-African rocks of the Adrar Souttouf include high-grade metabasites and serpentinites (meta-ophiolites) as well as schists and granites in continental units, thrust together upon the Reguibat shield and its Ordovician-Devonian cover (see Chap. 3). An eclogite outcrop south of the Morocco-Mauritania border yielded a U-Pb age of 595 Ma on individual zircon grains, interpreted as the protolith age, whereas garnets from the same rock yielded a Sm-Nd age at 330 Ma (Variscan metamorphism).
Michel Faure (Univ. Orl´eans) for his critical review of an early draft of this chapter. Thanks are also due to Dr. Serge Bogdanoﬀ (Univ. Paris-Orsay), Ren´e Maury (Univ. Brest) and Dr. Juan I. Soto (Univ. Granada) for their careful readings and to Bruce Purser (Univ. Paris-Orsay) and Tan Say Biow (PETRONAS, Malaysia) for improving our English writing. Thanks are also due to all the colleagues who kindly provided the original files of many of the figures of this chapter, and kindly reviewed the corresponding paragraph.