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By Gordon Crawford, Christof Hartmann

Grounded in empirically-based nation case reports, this new research presents a sober evaluate of what decentralisation can in attaining. the present momentum for decentralisation of presidency in Africa and in other places within the constructing international is exceptional, yet are the advantages claimed through its advocates being realised? concentrating on claims particularly, this ebook questions even if decentralisation does provide an important pathway out of poverty and clash in Africa. problems with poverty relief are addressed in Uganda, Ghana, Malawi and Tanzania, whereas these of clash administration are explored in Mauritius, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda and Rwanda.

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Competence and capacity The responsiveness of public decision-making and the efficiency of service provision can additionally be compromised if the expectations and demands on local governments are beyond their competence and capacity. Empirical evidence has shown that certain actors in the central government tend to refuse to truly transfer power to the local level, as this curtails their own influence in decision-making (Agrawal and Ribot, 1999; Bossuyt and Gould, 2000; Crook, 2003). Possibly the largest opponents to devolution are those officials in line ministries who stand to lose much of their rights and discretion to local governments.

Luckham, London: Zed Books. Harris, P. and B. Reilly (eds), 1998, Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators, Stockholm: International IDEA. International Council on Human Rights Policy (ICHRP), 2005, Local Government and Human Rights: Doing Good Service, Geneva: ICHRP. , 2003, ‘Decentralisation in India: Poverty, Politics and Panchayati Raj’, ODI Working Paper 199, London: Overseas Development Institute. , C. Kaufmann, I. McDonnell, H. Osterrieder, N. Pinaud end L. Wegner, 2004, Decentralisation and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries: Exploring the Impact, OECD Development Centre Working Paper No.

The new district commissioners, who were invariably Ugandans, were representatives of the central government at the district level. The Independence Constitution provided for the devolution of powers to kingdoms, urban councils and district councils under a quasifederal form of government. 11 In 1966, however, this attempt at federalism came to an abrupt end as the then Prime Minister Milton Obote suspended the Constitution and centralised all executive powers in the presidency. He abolished the kingdoms and even forced the Kabaka (King of Buganda) into exile.

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