By Max M. Häggblom, Ingeborg D. Bossert
Halogenated natural compounds represent one of many biggest teams of environmental chemical substances. the economic creation of latest halogenated natural compounds has elevated through the final century and those compounds are vital to quite a few commercial purposes. even supposing organohalide compounds tend to be thought of to be anthropogenic commercial compounds, those have their counterpart in different hundreds of thousands of typical biogenic and geogenic organohalides, representing so much periods of natural chemical substances. typical assets account for a good portion of the worldwide organohalogen price range.
This quantity, authored by way of top specialists within the box, presents a present standpoint on how either normal and artificial organohalides are shaped and degraded, and the way those strategies are included right into a worldwide halogen cycle. The checklist of organohalides that may be used by microbes keeps to extend dramatically, as do the variety of dehalogenating microorganisms which were pointed out and characterised. A serious step within the degradation of organohalides is cleavage of the carbon-halogen bond, and microorganisms have developed a number of metabolic thoughts for dehalogenation. The chapters supply an international point of view at the variety of dehalogenating microorganisms, discover their ecology, biochemistry and genetics, and overview the diversity of biologically-mediated dehalogenation mechanisms. a number of the not easy organohalides, resembling insecticides, chlorofluorocarbons, chlorinated solvents, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls, are conceal!
ed intimately. The publication offers a entire evaluate of destiny of those compounds within the setting, functional functions within the laboratory and the sphere, and methods for the improvement of bioremediation applied sciences for organohalide-contaminated websites.
Detailed details on biodegradation and biotransformation mechanisms for quite a few organohalides and at the microorganisms mediating those methods has significantly elevated our figuring out of the biking and destiny of those detailed and frequent compounds in the environment. The booklet will function a accomplished source at the methods and functions of microbial degradation of halogenated natural compounds.
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Extra resources for Dehalogenation: Microbial Processes and Environmental Applications
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